The following process flowchart can be used to walk managers through the design of a marine enforcement system. Given the numerous components and tools, we have attempted to map out the key factors, which ultimately will help managers determine the type of Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) system and tools to be considered in their particular context. We’ve identified the following four key factors:
1. Geographical Analysis
2. Fisher Profile
3. Legal Framework
4. MCS System
This patrol planning checklist can be used to prepare your boat crews/ boarding teams for patrols in your area of operations. The checklist includes typical planning elements to ensure safe completion of operational mission goals. However, it is not designed to plan for every potential contingency or mission need. Mission planners should customize as needed.
In situations where enforcement operations exceed the jurisdiction of MPA or fishery enforcement officers, we recommend the negotiation of a bilateral agreement and/or MOU with another authority (such as the Navy or another environmental enforcement agency) to strengthen and better coordinate surveillance and patrol efforts. The following chart outlines suggested points to include in an MOU between an MPA/ fishery and Navy/ other enforcement agency.
The greatest threat to biodiversity in the Galápagos Islands is the introduction of invasive species. Once a species is introduced, it may be too late or costly to implement a successful eradication program and irreversible damage may occur to native or endemic species of plants, animals, or insects. In recent years, the biological isolation of the archipelago has been significantly reduced given the growing number of planes and cargo reaching the islands. As tourism and population numbers increase exponentially, so do the threats of introducing invasive species.
In this assessment, WildAid analyzed the maritime cargo system that serves as the umbilical cord for the economy and human life on Galápagos. We evaluated all aspects of the current shipping system: mainland and island port facilities, qualifications of biosecurity personnel, equipment, cargo handling at both embarkation and arrival, and cargo vessel standards; essentially all key links in the quarantine chain. We illustrated that there is an urgent need to improve the efficiency and efficacy of maritime cargo handling. We also include a 30-year cargo growth forecast using current demographic trends to inform decision-makers on the future scale of actions required for a biosecure maritime cargo system. Large investments will be required in infrastructure, personnel, and recurring outlays in the not-so-distant future. The assessment concludes with a series of recommendations to improve current inspection and quarantine procedures along each link of the quarantine chain as well as implications for the future.