Home to nearly 3,000 marine species the Galapagos Islands encompass a truly unique ocean environment, hosting humpback whales, sea turtles, manta rays, and a 2016 National Geographic Pristine Seas study found that the northern area of the Galapagos, around the small islands of Darwin and Wolf, was home to the largest shark biomass in the world. The Ecuadorian government announced the creation of a new 15,000-square-mile marine sanctuary — an expansion of the “no-take” zone of the Galapagos Marine Reserve — to protect the area surrounding Darwin and Wolf in March 2016.
Unfortunately and despite sharp declines, illegal fishing is still a problem given the Reserve’s abundant marine life. Most of these commercial fishing infractions take place at the borders of the reserve, which requires trips as long as 575 miles to Darwin and Wolf from Santa Cruz and last as many as five days. WildAid together with Galapagos National Park has developed a plan to reduce patrol distances and decrease operating costs for the park by more than $2.4 million annually, all while providing greater coverage for the reserve and investing in a new patrol fleet for the park.
A crucial part of this project is the construction of a new ranger station at Pinta Island, which is inside the Darwin and Wolf and will allow rangers to quickly intercept illegal fishing infractions at the Darwin and Wolf Marine Sanctuary. You can help us achieve this goal and protect sharks and other marine species in the Galapagos.
Invasive species pose one of the greatest threats to the conservation of the Galapagos Islands. That’s why WildAid helped the Galapagos Biosecurity Agency form a specialized canine unit to protect these unique islands from illegal products that may contain invasive species.
Last year, we selected and trained one dog, Rex, and three handlers, and built kennels and offices for the unit. Rex spent three months training in the identification of nine odors prohibited from entering the Galapagos, but commonly found on passengers attempting to smuggle them onto the islands. Their handlers were selected using a variety of personality and aptitude tests, and trained on canine care and handling.
The canine unit is a versatile and low-cost method to prevent the entry of invasive species on the islands. You can help us grow this unit with the addition of a new dog and specialized training to protect Galapagos ports.
The small island nation of Palau, located in the Western Pacific Ocean between the Philippines and Indonesia, has paved the way for marine conservation. It created the world’s first shark sanctuary in 2009 and in 2015 declared that over 80% of its waters would be protected as a marine sanctuary.
Palau’s park rangers conduct daily patrols to prevent illegal fishing and protect more than 500 species of coral, 1,300 species of reef fish and numerous endangered species such as the dugong, saltwater crocodile, sea turtles, and giant clams. Enforcement of Palau’s marine environment ensures sustainable use of its resources and protects its coral reefs from additional stressors.
You can help protect Palau’s incredible marine biodiversity by helping us assure a regular patrol schedule in the Northern Reefs area, improved training for park rangers and equipment purchases for safe and effective patrols. Together, these can increase the quality and quantity of patrols.
Thousands of sea turtle hatchlings make their way to the sea every year from Ecuador’s beaches, but unfortunately less than 1% survive to adulthood facing dangers from illegal fishing equipment, collisions with boats and ghost nets.
Sea turtles are an important part of a healthy marine ecosystem. We will protect sea turtles in the ocean by improving surveillance at sea to prevent fishing practices that often result in sea turtle deaths and injuries, such as long line and gill net fishing. A regular patrol schedule, improved training for park rangers and equipment purchases for safe and effective patrols can all increase the quality and quantity of patrols. During patrols, park rangers gather floating drift nets, and confiscate illegal fishing gear, which together are responsible for myriad sea turtle injuries and deaths as incidental bycatch. These activities encourage responsible fishing practices and compliance with regulations that protect sea turtles.